Adelaide is the capital of South Australia and has the 5th largest population of all Australian cities. It is located on the Adelaide Plains, to the north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, and covers an area of 1,257 square miles.
According to the 2016 census, the population of Adelaide is 1.3 million. There are more men than women living in the city, and the population is generally young, with the median age being 29. There are 2,340 families living in the city, and the average weekly household income is $1,093.
Culture and Heritage
Adelaide is a fascinating city with a proud heritage. The city is proud both of its parklands and its historic buildings. Adelaide was originally settled by the Kaurna Tribe, although today aboriginals make up just 1.4 percent of the population. The British drew up plans to settle the area in the 1830s, and in 1836 the site was selected as the capital of the new colony. The settlement grew rapidly, with the Royal Adelaide Hospital opening in 1840. By 1850, Adelaide had grown to a population of 14,000 and by 1900 the population had increased to 162,000.
As the city grew, the leaders invested heavily in amenities. The city gained gas supply in 1863, and had electricity in 1900. The University was founded in 1874, and the airport opened in 1921. Many famous buildings, such as the old Gaol, Holy Trinity House, and Town Hall, were built in the 19th century and remain well-preserved today.
Adelaide Park Lands
The Adelaide Park Lands are popular with tourists and locals alike, and are on the National Heritage List for being a site of importance and cultural value. The Park Lands were designed by Colonel William Light to serve as a meeting place and a place for cultural events. They are thought to have been the first planned public park system in the world, and are an important monument and a model for ‘garden cities’. They have been preserved as an example of 19th century colonial planning, and as a reminder of the value of sport and recreation for the community.
Art and Heritage
The Art Gallery of South Australia is well worth a visit. It features 38,000 pieces from around the world. This extensive collection includes numerous pieces from Australian artists, but also brings together items of cultural significance from international artists.
Jam Factory Contemporary Craft and Design Studio
There are four exhibition spaces and a retail gallery to be found in this studio in the West End of the city. The studio brings together art from local artists and from further afield, with prints and unique pieces available for sale.
The Clipper Ship is an historic sailing ship from 1864 which is open to visitors. Tours run at 10AM, noon and 2PM, providing visitors with the chance to see inside the ship and learn about its history and about the social history of the passengers and crew. The ship served as a passenger vessel from 1864 through to 1887 and is the oldest surviving ship of its kind, being five years older than the famous Cutty Sark in the UK.
Top 5 Industries in Adelaide
Adelaide has a large population and has become a leading center for several industries. According to the 2016 city census, the leading sectors in terms of employment are:
– Health care and social assistance
– Accommodation and food services
– Professional, Scientific and Technical services
– Education and training
Professional, Scientific and Technical services includes several classifications of company. Adelaide has attracted a lot of defence and aerospace companies, as well as bio-science companies, and is rapidly becoming a center for technological investment.
The cost of living in Adelaide is just over 20% lower than the cost of living in London, England. It is ranked 132nd out of 354 major cities in the world. This makes Adelaide an appealing place to move to, since there are some good opportunities to work in expanding, high tech industries, yet the cost of living remains comparatively low.
Rent is the biggest expense that most workers face, but overall purchasing power compares favourably to most other major cities.
Adelaide benefits from a Mediterranean climate. The summers are warm and dry, while the winters are cooler with moderate rainfall. Since 2008, Adelaide has experienced some extreme temperature changes throughout the year, with several summer heatwaves. In 2016, they experienced the hottest Christmas Day in 75 years, with temperatures reaching 41.3 degrees C, and remaining over 40 degrees for three consecutive days. In general, however, temperatures are usually more moderate.
Adelaide is quite easy to navigate. The city itself can be traversed by foot, and is also friendly for cyclists. The public transport network is very good, and there are numerous taxi companies serving the city.
Some of the most reputable and well-known taxi companies include:
Yellow Cabs: 13 22 27
Suburban Taxis: 13 10 08
Adelaide Independent: 13 22 11
People who need extra assistance or who have mobility issues may wish to contact Access Cabs on 1300 360 940.
The public transport system includes buses, trains and trams running on a frequent timetable throughout the day. Public transport continues to operate in the evenings, but on a reduced timetable, especially after 6PM at weekends. There are free buses serving parts of the city, which can be useful for tourists looking to get from their hotel to the ky shopping and entertainment precincts.
Tickets are priced by zone and time of day, and there are single tickets that allow two hours of travel within a zone, as well as day tickets, and extended stay tickets for those who wish to travel in the city on three or more consecutive days. Senior card holders can enjoy free travel during off-peak periods.
City Bikes are free to hire, and the hire includes the use of a bike, lock and helmet, although photo ID is required to make use of this option. Adelaide airport is served by several regional and international airlines including Jetstar and Virgin.